Beginning Kurmanji Kurdish
by Deniz Ekici
Table of Contents
- Tu bi xêr hatî Kurdistanê (Welcome to Kurdistan)
- Tu çi karî dikî? (What do you do?)
- Li Mêvanxaneya Zanîngehê (At the University Guesthouse)
- Li nêzîk dikan hene? (Are there stores nearby?)
- Şîv hazir e (Dinner is ready)
- Ew bi çendê ye? (How much is it?)
- Ev pirtûkxaneya me ye (This is our library)
- Dilê te diçe çi? (What would you like to eat?)
- Ka em herin qawexaneyê (Let's go to the cafeteria)
- Şîler diçe postexaneyê (Şîler goes to the post office)
- Ez xwe baş nabînim (I don't feel well)
- Em ê herin Seyranê (We will go on a picnic
- Te îro çi kir? (What did you do today?)
- Dîroka Dihokê (The History of Dihok)
- Newroz Pîroz! (Happy Newroz!)
- Di derbarê jîyana li Silêmanîyê de (About life in Suleimania)
- Li Zanîngeha Silêmanîyê (At the University of Suleimania)
- Wêjeya kurdî (Kurdish Literature)
- Baran dibare (It is raining)
- Li Sekingeha Basê (At the bus depot)
Learning Goals by Lesson (First 10 lessons)
- In this lesson you will learn how to greet and welcome people, introduce yourself, ask simple questions, and excuse yourself.
- In this lesson you will learn how to ask other people's names and occupations and describe certain objects using adjectives.
- In this lesson you will learn how to describe a house with its contents and express possession in number. You also will learn expressions such as "there is one person," "there are three books," "I have two pens" and the related vocabulary.
- In this lesson, you will learn how to ask or give information about the location of an object or a place. You also will learn how to give a command in Kurmanji.
- In this lesson, you will learn how to form a sentence in the present tense. You also will learn the names of family members and relatives as well as the names of some Kurdish dishes.
- In part one of this lesson, you will learn how to form negative sentences in the present tense and the usage of certain interrogative determiners such as "çi" (what), kî (who), çima (why), kengî (when), etc. In addition, you will learn how to compare things in different contexts as you will learn some basic concepts such as big-small, cheap-expensive, good-better etc., and colors in Kurmanji.
In part two of this lesson, you will learn how to ask questions by changing the intonation, by starting the sentence with question words "gelo" or "ma" or by adding the phrase "ne wisan" to the end of an interrogative sentence. You also will learn another way of forming the superlative degree of adjectives.
- In this lesson you will learn how to say, for instance, "I see myself in the mirror" or "I am reading my book" by using the reflexive pronoun "xwe." You will also learn how to use ordinal numbers in Kurmanji to express position in a series, e.g. first floor, third door, etc.
- In this lesson you will learn how to form negative sentences in the present tense and make polite commands using this form. You will also learn a few more adjectives and traditional Kurdish dishes.
- In this lesson you will learn how to modify head nouns with clauses, in addition to modifying them with only a noun or an adjective. You will learn different ways of stating or asking one's nationality or country of origin and what languages they speak. You also will learn more Kurdish personal names and the names of several cities in Kurdistan.
- In this lesson you will learn how to request permission, make a polite command or express a desire, a wish, a suggestion, an obligation, a requirement or intention in Kurmanji using certain modal auxiliary verbs.
Map of Kurdish-speaking areas
- Nominative Case of Personal and Demonstrative
- Pronouns Present Tense Copulas (am, is, are)
- Oblique Case of Personal Pronouns
- Ezafeh (Noun Connector)
- Indefinite Nouns
- Indefinite Nouns with Ezafeh (Noun Connector)
- The Existential Verb "Hebûn" (to exist/to have/there is/there are)
- Cardinal Numbers
- The Imperative
- Kurmanji Prepositions and Circumpositions(Ambipositions)
- Oblique Case of Demonstrative Pronouns
- Present Tense
- Compound Verbs
- The Negative Form of the Verb "bûn" (to be)
- Interrogative Sentences with Interrogative Determiners
- The Comparative and Superlative Degrees of Adjectives
- The Reflexive Pronoun "Xwe"
- Ordinal Numbers
- The Negative Form of the Present Tense
- Polite Commands
- Relative Clause
- Nationalities, Languages, Countries, Cities
- Where are you from?
- What language do you speak?
- The Present Tense of the Subjunctive Mood
- The Negative Form of the Present Tense Subjunctive Mood
- Future Tense
- Cardinal Numbers
- A Few Kurmanji Expressions
- The Simple Past Tense with Intransitive Verbs
- The Negative Form of the Simple Past Tense
- Different Uses of the Preposition "Bi"
- The Secondary Ezafeh Construction
- The Simple Past Tense with Transitive Verbs
- The Negative Form of the Simple Past Tense with Transitive Verbs
- The Numbers in the Oblique Case
- The Existential Verb "Hebûn" in the Past Tense
- The Past Continuous Tense
- The Negative Form of the Past Continuous Tense
- The Seasons, Months, Days, and the Periods of the Day
- The Adverbial Use of the Seasons, Months, Days, and the Periods of the Day
- Subordinating Clauses
- Passive Voice
- Telling the Time
- Some Kurdish Expressions
- The Present Tense to Convey the Present Progressive Meaning
- Weather Conditions
- Vocative Case
- Using Infinitives as Nouns
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